Exploring New Places, Without Leaving Granada
If you close your eyes and try to picture a stereotypical Spaniard, what comes to mind? For many, Spanish culture goes hand in hand with the image of a striking dark-haired girl, wearing a floor-length red dress trimmed at the bottom in ruffles, and holding a fan dramatically in one hand while she dances. The image is easy to conjure up, but the history and culture behind this image are much less familiar. The girl is a representation of a flamenco dancer, historically from the Gitano (gypsy) population, and on the most recent excursion in Granada, Spain, CEA toured the Sacromonte neighborhood home to Granada’s Gitano population.
First things first, a bit of history!
The Gitano population originally is from Northern India, but began to migrate west around 2,500 years ago. From there, they spread through the Middle East, Northern Africa, and across Europe. By the time the Catholic monarchs came to power in Spain (the mid-1400s), the Gitano population had a well-established presence in here as well. Gitano areas of towns and cities today are oftentimes separated from the rest of the population, partially due to historical discrimination and partially because the traditionally nomadic Gitano population has maintained its own language and culture.
In Granada, Sacromonte is the traditional Gitano neighborhood in the city. Here, the oldest of houses are 100% cave, dug deep into the side of the rocky foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, some of which you can tour at the Museo Cuevas Sacromonte. Gitanos have lived here for hundreds of years, and are known for their beautiful artisan tapestries, baskets, ceramics, and last but not least, flamenco.
Flamenco is a genre of music genuinely unique from all others. Usually performed in small groups with a guitarist, singer, percussion player, and a few dancers, it’s known for being hauntingly beautiful and filled with passionate emotions. What sets flamenco apart from any other music in the world is its combination of musical styles accumulated from all over the world. In the same song, you hear the influence of the Middle East, Northern Africa, and traditional Andalucí music, and oftentimes accompanied by folk styles from whatever region of Spain you find yourself in.
The Gitano culture is another illustration of the immense cultural variety in Spain, all of which are continually influencing one another. It’s truly incredible to watch and learn about, and it’s just one more reason to love this country.
Megan V.L. is the Spring 2018 MOJO Blogger in Granada, Spain. She is currently a Junior studying Political Science & Spanish at University of Tennessee.